To prevent terrorist violence in Jammu and Kashmir, the Modi government has to do something that has not been done before.
Jammu and Kashmir Governor Satyapal Malik may have said on June 15 this year that terror activities in the state have come down and circumstances have improved greatly, but the reality shows upside-down. Some recent incidents indicate that violence is taking place there again. On 17th June, a major military army became martyred in a violent incident. A few days ago, five CRPF soldiers were killed in Anantnag and many were injured. Major Ketan Sharma of National Rifles and CRPF personnel made their lives for the protection of the country and made a place in the list of security personnel whose life has been a part of a fierce battle that our country is facing since January 1990. . J & K is the battleground of this war.
While denouncing these terrorist attacks, Governor Malik said on June 20, “Whenever successful campaigns like security forces conduct peaceful elections or to annihilate terrorists are launched, then the commander of the terrorists across the border ordered them to conduct a fidayeen attack. And the attack in Anantnag district was a fidayeen attack. He also said that the terrorists and their bosses should know that our resolve to eliminate this craze of terror is firm.
There was a strange incident between terrorists in Jammu and Kashmir. On June 16, it was claimed that Pakistan shared an information with India and the United States, in which there was a possibility of an explosion of IED-equipped vehicle in Pulwama. However, Indian intelligence agencies clarified that this information was given by a call from unknown person in the Indian High Commission in Pakistan. This was not the official information given by any reliable source. This pseudo-war in Jammu and Kashmir has been taking the lives of all the precious lives. This year’s figures are so worrisome. Since January, 62 security personnel have lost their lives due to terrorist violence. In the second term of Modi Government, it has increased nine and it has reached 71. All the common citizens are also catching the heat. The solution suggested by Governor Malik to deal with this is proving to be very costly.
Remind that the governor ruled Jammu and Kashmir on June 20, 2018 when the PDP-BJP’s uncomfortable alliance broke up. After a period of six months of governor’s rule, it turned into presidential rule. A year has passed, but there is no sign of election in the state. The local political process, as it is, is relaxed. In such a situation, the existing system is expected to continue.
Since October, 1947 the Kashmir issue has been complicated like a puzzle. In the Indo-Pak bilateral relations this has remained a matter of frequent controversy. From the Nehru-Ayub Khan to the Modi-Imran Khan in the 1950s, nothing changed on this front. The Kashmir issue is entangled in many layers. It is seen on aspects like geographical location, geo-political trait and demographic mix. Remember here that it was the only Muslim dominated state in the Indian Union, which contains both India and Pakistan identity. Where it enjoys special status under the Treaty of Merger in October 1947, the Constitution of India also provides specific autonomy under Article 370.
If demography of Jammu and Kashmir gives direction to the state’s politics, then the equations of Delhi-Srinagar form the main determinants of the political direction. Pakistan has been trying to grab the state from Bahubal. After failing in two face-to-face wars, he started a proxy war by changing the strategy since 1990 in the state by taking the path of infiltration and terrorism. Kargil Jung of 1999 is also included in this. The Pulwama attack in February 2019 is a recent example of the problematic situation. After this, India had aerial assault in Balakot. This is a new stop. For the second time, Modi’s huge victory has created an image of a strong India, whose command is in the hands of a very powerful and firm leader. In his rallies during campaigning, Modi made the impression with his statements that India is not going to sit quiet when there is any kind of terror attack. In such a situation, the unknown call to the Indian mission in Islamabad is perhaps part of Pakistan’s new precautionary policy. Dealing with the Pakistani side on the Kashmir issue will be complicated and it will take a lot of time as external forces like China, US, Russia, Iran, Afghanistan and Jihadi factions are also involved in it.
Delhi is an important factor in the domestic situation of Jammu and Kashmir and Modi too has more political power than in 2014. The immediate challenge for the Modi government will be to do it peacefully by providing immense security to the Amarnath Yatra which starts from July 1. In the past, terrorists have also been targeting this yearly religious event. In July 2017, terrorists had killed eight devotees and there were more major terrorist attacks in 2000, 2001 and 2002. Amarnath Yatra has been a symbol of Kashmir’s pluralism and religious harmony. Local Muslim Hindus have been doing this big event safely. It is regrettable that the young population of Kashmir is only aware of the bad experiences and discrimination of the past two and a half decades. Last year, the local socio-political environment also became dry.
Prime Minister Modi has given a tremendous mandate to the BJP on its own. In view of their political heritage, this is a turning point. Can he go on the path of Vajpayee, in which the local Kashmiri sentiments should be heeded and then the fear of suspicion and separation should be eliminated? Will he encourage the dilapidated domestic political process by announcing the assembly elections, or will adopt a tough attitude on the strength of the security forces and focus solely on the suppression of terrorism? Focusing on the latter solution will ignore those benign and smart steps, whose Kashmir is desperately needed.
The martyrdom of 71 soldiers in the first half of the year is a testimony to this bitter reality that the Indian soldiers have to pay a huge amount. Political foresight lies in ensuring that the Modi government is unable to identify the identity of the coffin of the soldiers wrapped in the Tricolor during the second term.