There has been speculation over the permanent membership of India in the UN Security Council for a long time. There are 15 members in the Security Council, in which five permanent members, the other ten temporary members are elected for a period of two years. Its lasting five members are known as Big Five or P Fib. These are all atomic countries. Among them are China, France, Russia, Britain and America.
Being the world’s largest democracy, India is constantly claiming for permanent membership of the UN Security Council. Four of its five members, except China, are supporters of four other India’s claimants. But China rejects its efforts by its veto.
A recent file from the 1950’s has revealed that the Soviet Union of that time had proposed to include India as the sixth permanent member of the Security Council, while the United States was already in place of China Had proposed to include India.
The then leaders, Nehru and Menon, rejected the US proposal as a conspiracy to set up India against China. But there was no such fear in the Soviet Union’s proposal. The then Russian Prime Minister Bulgarian wanted to know Nehru’s views on his proposal. But Nehru did not give any response to this. After this, the Prime Minister, Bulgaria, may not have been well-advised to pursue this issue.
If Nehru had agreed to consider the resolution of the Bulgarian, then there was a need to bring a charter amendment for this. This charter would have to be included in the eleventh session of General Assembly of the Security Council, which was to be completed in 1956. In this session, Latin America had included the issue of increasing the number of temporary members. So this was a good opportunity for India, when it could have included an agenda to increase the number of permanent members.
The then Indian ambassador to America, Vijayalakshmi Pandit who was Nehru’s sister, advised the American negotiator not to hasten the issue on the American proposal, but it is not a step forward to take any idea of the Soviet Prime Minister’s offer. Enhanced
Nehru’s thinking that there should be no impact on India-China relations on the Security Council’s membership of India’s decision, proved to be wrong. In the coming decade, India-China war broke out, and China became more aggressive.
The UN process takes time to complete. The extension of the number of temporary members was passed from 11 to 15 in 1965. In 1990 the agenda of expansion in the permanent membership of the United Nations Security Council was included. It may be that India has yet to wait for its passage. Secondly, China will allow this to happen like its veto power, there is no doubt about it. The problem of difficulty in the issue of Azhar group is famous.
China removed Taiwan from the Security Council in 1971, and in 1972 Bangladesh used its veto for the first time to make a member. China did this because it wanted to disable India’s geo-political advantage in 1971 war.
The file related to India’s permanent membership of the United Nations Security Council should be made public out of the secret list. The public has the right to know the truth.