Why in the discussion?
Recently, the Tourism Council of Bhutan has stopped entry of all tourist temples for the next three months (peak time of the year, as well as a duty to regulate the number of tourists.
For decades, Bhutan’s government has promoted “high value, low volume / impact” tourism. But now the intensity of tourism is creating problems for Bhutan.
In Bhutan, 27700 tourists arrived in the year 2017. Out of which two lakh tourists were from India, Bangladesh and Maldives only. Bhutan takes a compulsory cover charge of $ 250 per day (cover-charge) from tourists. But these countries are exempted from this and people from these countries do not require a visa on entry from Bhutan’s border town Phuentsholing. For this reason, the number of visitors to these countries is highest.
- On the arrival of tourists of India, Bangladesh and Maldives, 500 Ngultrums, which is equivalent to 500 rupees in India, Bhutan has to pay under ‘Continuous Development Fee’.
- In all the temples and monasteries of Bhutan, which are related to Buddhism, 300 igltra (Rs. 300) will also be charged, in order to reduce the increasing crowd in the temples.
- The Tourism Council of Bhutan (TCB) believes that this measure is part of the process by which uncontrolled tourism can be regulated and Bhutan, which is called ‘Last Shangri-La’ Could be preserved as.
- Contrary to many other countries demanding more and more tourists, Bhutan Tourism Council (TCB) has reduced its target from four lakh tourists to five million in 2023.
- High value, low volume / impact tourism
- (High value, low volume / Impact tourism)
- It demonstrates the tourism policy of Bhutan In 1973, Bhutan adopted the policy of ‘High Value, Low Volume’, which was changed in 2008 to ‘High Value, Low Impact Policy’, in the origin of these policies, such a tourism Developing the market in which Bhutan’s economy and society are affected positively, but the number and number of tourists are limited.
It means that the only beautiful place where the environment and all other things are pleasant and that place is often located away. In this form Bhutan is identified as ‘Last Shangri-La’.
- Higher number of Indian visitors and limited infrastructure of tourism in Bhutan can cause problems for tourists, which India is not good with regards to Bhutan relations.
- The arrival of more tourists is important in financial terms but it can lead to conflicts and tensions between tourists and the people of Bhutan.
- Due to the high growth in tourism, the hotel industry has also registered an increase, which can lead to problems like housing and water scarcity.
- The perspectives and behaviors of tourists influence local culture. Bhutan gives importance to the protection and promotion of its culture, which is why the country does not consider the arrival of most tourists as right.
- Exotic tourists coming here include European, Japanese and American (also Indian) tourists. The significance of these tourists is that because their lesser number produces more economic impact. For example, if the hotel industry is based on banking credit, if tourism is limited, then the hotel may have trouble repaying the loan, resulting in Bhutan’s economy can be affected.