Perhaps India is the only country in the world, in which the farmers have to suffer the loss of bureaucracy and the arbitrariness of the companies. A recently harvested crop has been destroyed by planting 1,300 plants of Bt brinjal in one of the fields of Haryana. This crop was prepared by Saini, the farmer of his farmer Hissar. When he purchased this plant of eggplant on the banks of Hisar, he did not know that this plant was restricted. Life bought plants at a rate of seven rupees. Not only this, many farmers of Fatehabad, Dabwali, Hisar bought these plants. It started in 2.5 acres when the crop began to grow, then the agriculture and horticulture officials destroyed this crop by saying that it was prepared from the restricted genetic seed. It was recommended to destroy the National Euro for Plant Janetic Resource. The test claimed that samples from the farm have been genetically modified. While these officials did not take any action on the companies who originally produced and sell the eggplant plants. Indeed, biotechnology changes the seed’s DNA, or organic composition, in such a capacity that it does not affect the germs, diseases and adverse environmental effects. It is continuously being informed that the cultivation of Bt and the crops produced by it are so dangerous for human and cattle health. Regardless of the government in the country, its seeds and plants are being prepared.
In India, only BT cotton has been allowed by the Central Government in 2010. The consequences have also proved to be dangerous. According to an inquiry, the sheep and lambs were fed seeds of Bt cotton, their hair was reduced and there was not enough development of hair. Their body was not fully developed. The effect of which is on the production of wool. The most tragic aspect of Bt seeds is that once these seeds are in circulation then the traditional seeds end in existence. Checks have come to the fore that 93% of the cotton cultivation has given these Bt seeds of cotton to traditional cultivation. Even conventional farming of seven per cent cotton is left in those remote areas where BT cotton has not yet reached the epidemic. New tests have raised the fear that the edible oil produced by its seeds on humans will also be leaving bad influence. The GEAC, which approved the production of Bt brinjal as an experiment, was introduced in the new form and it was started in Dharwad of Krishi Vigyan University. Under this, Bt brinjal, i.e. Bacillus thuringiensis gene was sown in the eggplant field. The GM seed producer Mahico had claimed that GM’s eggplant would germinate the Bt gene injection into it and the worm in eggplant would die within it. Therefore, before its approval, effective testing of its effect on health was necessary, but it was not done. Ramesh Bhatt, renowned biologist Ramesh Bhatt, of the National Institute of Nutrition, had written in the Current Science magazine that due to BT seed, the local variety of eggplant ‘Mattugulla’ will be almost completely affected by being affected badly. In the 15th century, the practice of yielding from Matgaduga seed of eggplant was done by people of Mattoo village at the behest of Saint Vadiraj. The same saint gave the seeds to it too.
Bt brinjal was used to secretly use BT maize in Bihar. It was started by American seed company Monsanto. But when the company did not produce it according to the trust given to the farmers, the farmers demanded the compensation according to the conditions. But the company showed a thumb. When Chief Minister Nitish Kumar came to know of this secretly illegitimate use, he expressed his displeasure over the functioning of this ministry of environment ministry. Consequently, the use of BT maize was stopped in Bihar but the Haryana government failed to show up against the companies.
In Madhya Pradesh, the production of grains and fruits and vegetables without GM GM crops has increased wildly. Now farmers are being asked to cultivate the traditional seeds of cotton. While underlining these facts, Dr. Swaminathan has said that before adopting the technology, there is a need to evaluate his profitability honestly.