Why in the discussion?
Recently, the body of electric vehicle manufacturers’ Society of Manufacturers of Electric Vehicles (SMEV) has given priority to electric vehicles to establish a strong ecosystem for manufacturing, besides’ Green Cass’ on polluting vehicles. ‘(Green Cess).
Green Cess is a type of tax that is levied for the expansion of pollution on vehicles running on petrol and diesel.
- According to the Society of Manufactures of Electric Vehicles (SMEV), the government should allocate a fixed budget for ‘clean wind’ campaign in the budget list which can be integrated under Clean India Mission.
- According to experts, the money generated from such cess can help in reducing the burden on the public exchequer. This fund can be used to encourage customers and subsidize the prices of electric two-wheelers, which will encourage e-vehicles.
- With the increase in awareness among the masses under the Clean Air campaign, they will be informed about the use of electric vehicles that the use of e-vehicles will reduce pollution in our country and keep the citizen healthy.
- To promote e-vehicles, the government can give tax exemption to those people for a specific period, which contributes to conserve the environment using e-vehicles.
- What is the electric vehicle?
- Just as there are various types of technologies available in traditional vehicles, different capacities exist in the same way as plug-in electric vehicles (also known as electric cars or EVs). One of the key features of EVs is that drivers can charge them from an off-board electric power source.
There are two types of EVs:
- All-Electric Vehicles-AEV
- Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles-PHEVs).
- All-electric vehicles (AEV) run only by lightning. Their maximum range is 80 to 100 miles, while some luxury models have a range of up to 250 miles.
- When the battery is discharged, it takes 30 minutes (with fast charging) to recharge it.
- Whereas PHEV can distance from electricity to only 6 to 40 miles and switch on the internal combustion engine running on gasoline fuel when the battery is discharged.
- Major Challenges for Electric Vehicles in India
- The biggest question is whether the country is fully prepared to adopt electric vehicles? Some major challenges in the way of electric vehicles in the country are as follows:
Basic Platform and Infrastructure: There is a great need of basic platform / infrastructure for the use of electric vehicles that are not working, which is not currently in India. The government will have to pay special attention to this side.
Due to the lack of charging stations: On one side where the emphasis is on the adoption of electric vehicles, on the other hand, the charging station for electric vehicles is almost non-existent, due to which people shy away from purchasing electric cars. This is a big challenge for the government. Like gasoline / diesel and CNG, the charging station for electric vehicles should also be as high as possible.
Excessive Battery: Electric vehicles should be made in the country, which should be spent more on lower battery consumption. Mileage is less due to the high traffic in metro cities, so the mileage of electric trains should be much higher, as well as better battery life.
Decrease in top speed: Today the number of electric vehicles coming in, whether it is two-wheeler or four wheels, the top speed of all these is very low. The speed of first two-wheelers was 25 km maximum, but now some models of 50 km of top speed are coming, but this is not enough.
High price: The cost of vehicles running petrol and diesel is lower than that of electric vehicles. In such a situation, the government will have to work with auto companies to emphasize on making cheap electric vehicles so that people are encouraged to adopt them due to low cost.
Fame India Scheme of Government of India
- Recently, the government has approved the second phase of Fame India Scheme to promote the production and use of electric vehicles in the country.
- The total cost of Rs 10 thousand crores has been started from April 1, 2019 for three years.
- This scheme is an extended version of the current ‘Fame India One’, which was implemented on April 1, 2015.
- key objectives
- The main objective of this scheme is to promote the use of electric and hybrid vehicles in the country rapidly.
- For this, it is necessary for people to provide subsidy at the initial level in the purchase of electric vehicles and to develop adequate infrastructure for the charging of such vehicles.
- This plan will solve problems like environmental pollution and fuel security.
- Fame India’s Key Features
- Emphasis on electric power transport services
- Adopt a demand-based incentive model for the expenditure on the operation of electric buses, funding for such expenditure is given by state and urban transport corporations.
- Incentives for public transport services and 3 Watt and 4-watt electric vehicles registered for commercial use
- Concentrate on the main focus of private vehicles on the 2-watt electric vehicles.
- Under this plan, there is a plan to provide financial incentives for 2 lakhs of 10 lakhs, 3ft 5 lakhs, 5500hrs and 7000 buses.
- Incentives for promotion of innovative technology will be given only to those vehicles, where the state-of-the-art Lithium ion or similar other new technology batteries have been installed.
- Under the scheme, there is a proposal to provide adequate infrastructure for the charging of electric vehicles. Under this, it is proposed to construct 2,700 charging stations in metropolitan cities, cities of more than 10 lakh cities, smart cities, small towns and hill states within three kilometers of intervals.
- There are plans to build charging stations on major highways linking big cities. There is a plan to set up a charging station on both sides at a distance of 25 kms on such highways.
- Forward path
- As pilot projects, such cities, national highways and states have to be identified, where city buses and commercial taxis can be operated on 100% electric mode. For this, both technical and economic viability will be kept in view.
- After pilot projects are identified, the biggest need will be to make charging points for these vehicles, where there should be facility to charge these vehicles fast. Without it, it would be foul to imagine the small part of the transport system to be taken in electric mode.
- Apart from this, the subsidy policy on these vehicles will also need to be tracked. Vehicles under public transport system in the city should be given preference. Also, private two-wheeler vehicles and cars should not be overlooked.
- But all these measures will be successful only if arrangements have been made to make electric vehicles fully in the country on the basis of Make in India. Now a large part of such vehicles is dependent on imported equipment.